Country Portrait: Ghana

Country facts:

  • Full name: Republic of Ghana
  • Capital: Accra
  • 79th largest country in the world (239,460 km²)
  • Largest cities: Accra, Kumasi, Tamale
  • Population: 23.4 Mio
  • Growth rate: 2.07%
  • Age expectancy: 59.9 years
  • Languages: Akan, Éwé, Abron, English,…
  • Ethnic Mix: Akan (45.4%), Mole-Dagbon (15.2%),…

The Republic of Ghana, located in West Africa, borders Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) to the west,Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The word Ghanameans “Warrior King” and derives from the Ghana Empire.

Ghana was inhabited in pre-colonial times by a number of ancient predominantly Akan Kingdoms, including the Akwamu on the eastern coast, the inland Ashanti Empire and various Fante and non-Akan states, like the Ga and Ewe, along the coast and inland. Trade with European states flourished after contact with the Portuguese in the 15th century, and the British established aCrown colony, Gold Coast, in 1874.

The Gold Coast achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan African nation to do so and the name Ghana was chosen for the new nation to reflect the ancient Empire of Ghana, which once extended throughout much of west Africa. Ghana is a member of many international organizations including the Commonwealth of Nations, theEconomic Community of West African States, the African Union, La Francophonie (Associate Member) and the United Nations. Ghana is the second largest producer of cocoa in the world and is also home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world.

Ghana is an ethnically diverse country; thus, Ghanaian culture is a mixture of all its ethnic groups, the Ashanti, Fante, Akyem, Kwahu, Ga,Ewe, Mamprusi and Dagomba, among others. It is most evident in Ghanaian cuisine, the arts and clothing.

Football is the most popular sport in the country. The national men’s football teams are known as The Black Stars, the Black Satellites and the Black Starlets. They have participated in many championships including the African Cup of Nations, the FIFA World Cup and the FIFA U-20 World Cup. On October 16, 2009, Ghana became the first African nation to win the FIFA U-20 World Cup by defeating Brazil 4-3 in a penalty shootout.

I think that also this team will not play a decisive role in who becomes this year’s champion, but they play very good. Some of the players are also playing in the European national leagues…

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2 thoughts on “Country Portrait: Ghana

  1. They are in Group D. Besides traditional powerhouse Germany, any of the remaining teams can make a serious run to qualify for the knockout round… good luck to the underdogs!

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