- Full name: England, part of the United Kingdom
- Capital: London
- 78th largest country in the world (130,395 km²)
- Largest cities: London, Birmingham, Liverpool
- Population: 51.09 Mio
- Growth rate: 0.317% (United Kingdom)
- Age expectancy: 79 years
- Languages: English
- Ethnic Mix: English (77%), Scottish (7.9%), … (United Kingdom)
Though England is not a country in itself, but part of the United Kingdom, it takes part in the Championship as “England”. That is, because all the territories (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland) are allowed to maintain a certain level of independency. So here’s some further information about England:
The area now called England has been settled by people of various cultures for about 35,000 years, but it takes its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in AD 927, and since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law—the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world—developed in England, and the country’s parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world’s first industrialised nation. England’s Royal Society laid the foundations of modern experimental science.
The Kingdom of England—which after 1284 included Wales—was a sovereign state until 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1800, Great Britain was united with Ireland through another Act of Union to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State was established as a separate dominion, but the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act in 1927 reincorporated into the kingdom six Irish counties to officially create the current United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
To list England’s variety of culture here would take about all of this post, so I’m limiting it, by naming some of it’s most famous ambassadors: William Shakespeare, The Beatles, Elton John, Queen, of course, THE Queen. One of my favorite songs by the Beatles is “Help!”, so here it comes:
England has a strong sporting heritage, and during the 19th century codified many sports that are now played around the world. Football is the most popular of these sports. The England national football team, whose home venue is Wembley Stadium, won the FIFA World Cup in 1966, the year the country hosted the competition. At club level England is recognised by FIFA as the birth-place of club football, due to Sheffield FC founded in 1857 being the oldest club. The Football Association is the oldest of its kind, FA Cup and The Football League were the first cup and league competitions respectively. In the modern day the Premier League is the world’s most lucrative football league and amongst the elite. The European Cup has been won by Liverpool, Manchester United, Nottingham Forest and Aston Villa, while Arsenal,Chelsea and Leeds United have reached the final.
I’d consider David Beckham their most famous player, but he won’t be playing this year due to an injury he go just this very weekend. But here’s a pic of the team with him (he’s got no. 7):
Thanks again for reading. Next time I’m featuring Ivory Coast.