- Full name: Federative Republic of Brasil
- 5th largest country in the world (8,512,000,000 km²)
- Largest cities: Sao Paulo, Río de Janeiro, Salvador
- Population: 192 Mio
- Growth rate: 1.36%
- Age expectancy: 72 years
- Ethnic Mix: White (53.7%), Mixed (38.5%), Black (6.2%)
Brazil is the largest country in South America and the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Americas. Brazil was a colony of Portugal from the landing of Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500 until its independence in 1822. Initially independent as the Brazilian Empire, the country has been a republic since 1889.
Brazil is the world’s eighth largest economy by nominal GDP and the ninth largest bypurchasing power parity. Economic reforms have given the country new international recognition. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, Mercosul and theUnion of South American Nations, and is one of the BRIC Countries. Brazil is also home to a diversity of wildlife, natural environments, and extensive natural resources in a variety of protected habitats.
The core culture of Brazil is derived from Portuguese culture, because of its strong colonial ties with the Portuguese empire. Among other influences, the Portuguese introduced the Portuguese language, Roman Catholicism and colonial architectural styles. The culture was, however, also strongly influenced by African, indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions. Some aspects of Brazilian culture were influenced by the contributions of Italian, German and other European immigrants who arrived in large numbers in the South and Southeast of Brazil. The indigenous Amerindians influenced Brazil’s language and cuisine; and the Africans influenced language, cuisine,music, dance and religion.
Brazilian music encompasses various regional styles influenced by African, European and Amerindian forms. It developed distinctive styles, among them samba, Brasileira, choro, sertanejo, brega, forró, frevo, maracatu, bossa nova, Brazilian rock, and axé.
The most popular sport in Brazil is football (soccer). The Brazilian national football team is ranked among the best in the world according to the FIFA World Rankings, and has won the World Cuptournament five times. Here’s an archive picture of the national team. Do they look like they are gonna win this year?
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